Richard D. Braley
BA Humboldt State Uni., M.Sc. Uni. Guam, Ph.D. Uni. NSW.
Name: Richard Donald Braley
Birthplace: Joliet, Illinois, U.S.A.
Birthdate: 9 July, 1949.
Marital Status: Married to Cornelia (Nell) Braley, an Indonesian national, Australian Permanent Resident
Children: Fia Braley (22 yr. old)
6-10 Elena St.,
Qld. 4819. AUSTRALIA
ph/fax 61 7 47 785096
email [email protected] or [email protected] or [email protected] and
Photograph February 20122
Humboldt State University, Arcata, Calif., U.S.A. ... B.A. Biology 1971 (+ one year graduate studies in marine biology).
University of Guam (Marine Laboratory), Guam ... M.Sc. Biology 1981 (Thesis on reproductive periodicity in tropical oysters)
University of New South Wales, Kensington, N.S.W., Australia ... Ph.D. Zoology (Ph.D. Thesis on reproductive ecology and early life history of giant clams) 1987.
May 2006 - present:
Breeding of anemonefish (Amphiprion percula, A. melanopus, Premnas biaculeatus) and maintaining our Aquasearch marine public aquarium for educational purposes on Magnetic Island, North Queensland, Australia. The newest project is a prototype aquaponics system for a home. This project was included in a workshop on marine and freshwater culture for a select group of teenagers. A video was made of that workshop.
Ongoing research on giant clam study sites which were mapped 2.5 decades ago with the assistance of the Undersea Explorer dive company [from Port Douglas to reefs including Rachel Carsen and Lizard Island] and Passions of Paradise [from Cairns to Michaelmas Cay].
Planning for a multi-species hatchery in conjunction with Aboriginal people. Djulin Marine Aboriginal Corporation (DMAC) has now been established and Dr. Braley is contact person for this fledgling corporation. DMAC’s 3 objectives are: 1) aquaculure products, 2) training, 3) eco-tourism. The idea is for a multi-species marine hatchery / nursery on Magnetic Island being the site for seed or fry production. Farms to be started up in the Palm Islands or elsewhere would grow out the seed or fry produced at the Magnetic Island facility. We hope that James Cook University will work closely with us.
Other involvements on Magnetic Island include: committee member for Tourism Operators and Businesses Magnetic Island, Inc. (TOBMI). I was successful obtaining a grant from Qld. Treasury Community Benefit funds to set up 2 snorkel trails on Magnetic Island (Nelly Bay and Geoffrey Bay). These were launched in mid-August 2012 and have been popular on Magnetic Island. There are surface floats with handles to delineate the trails and sub-surface float with large acrylic letters between the surface floats. Waterproof swim cards can be attached to the wrist which give information related to the letters. In mid-2013 I obtained permits from GBRMPA to translocate 14 cultured giant clams from the White Lady Bay site to the two snorkel trails. The clams are now a feature in the trails. New road signs, swim cards, and other ad material were procured from a grant obtained from the Queensland Country Credit Union in 2014. Also, I am marine science contributor for Magnetic Island History and Craft Centre (Museum).
September –October 2011:
Consultancy through Eco-Consult Pacific, Co. Ltd. (Fiji) to run a training course for Micronesia Management and Marketing of Giant Clams, Phase II, in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia. The purpose of the training was to improve hatchery and nursery techniques, resulting in improved production levels to enable MMME significantly improve the company’s profitability. In addition, a second seawater intake pipeline was setup with a sub-sand intake for cleaner seawater, and advice was given to modify the ocean nursery for both giant clams and coral frag culture.
February 2004 - March 2006:
Recruited through Atlas Pacific PL (parent company) & working for PT Cendana Indopearls (Indonesian company) at Bacan area, north Maluku Province, Indonesia. Duties include managing work for approximately 70 staff [8 cleaning teams, 2 selection teams, longline team, anchor making team, hatchery team, kitchen staff & other camp staff], short & long-term planning, ordering, communications, and organizing the sending of oysters by ship (in seawells) to other company farms. Moved to the main farm (Alyui, on Wageo Isl., W. Papua Province, Indonesia) in October 2004 as Assistant Project Manager. Two year contract completed.
November 2001 January 2004:
Re-organising of my private laboratory and aquarium. Experimental work on maintaining blacklip pearl oysters in recirculation seawater system, further work with cultured giant clams, and new emphasis on freshwater & saltwater aquarium fish breeding. A particular species of interest is breeding the clown anemonefish (Amphiprion percula). Broodstock collection from reef. The first three educational CD-ROMs by Aquasearch lab produced in the first half of 2003 (coral reef organisms & giant clams).
January 2001 October 2001::
Brackishwater Hatchery Specialist with the ARMP (Agriculture Research Management Project), Bangladesh. brackishwater and marine hatchery design modifications (recirculation systems), research plans, operational manual, training courses. Species include seabass (barramundi), mullet, mudcrab, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, Penaeus monodon and other potential ones. Total duration of project - 9 mo.
Troubleshooting for a scallop hatchery (Amusium balloti) in Geraldton, Western Australia. Remodeled hatchery to include recirculation/biofiltration and ran 5 batches of larvae, 3 which settled in moderately good numbers. Trained technician on-site.
May June 2000:
Short-term consultancy with the Torres Strait Regional Authority regarding a feasibility study to look at the potential of a Multi-Species hatchery for the Torres Strait region. The conultancy involved a 1-work week visit to Torres Strait [Thursday Is., Horne Is., Hammond Is., and Yorke Is.] for information gathering and completion of a comprehensive feasibility report. Species being considered include: giant clams, trochus, abalone, greensnail, pearl oysters, and sandfish sea cucumbers.
August November 1999:
Trip to French Polynesia for on-site training of hatchery technicians for the new Blacklip Pearl Oyster Hatchery designed by Aquasearch at Fakarava Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago [for SC Otikao, Mr. John Rere]. Training included microalgal culture, setup, dry lab setup and microscope use, spawning methods, larval rearing (5 larvallarval batches), spat culture and care, outdoor mass algal culture, spawning and care of larval and juvenile trochus. Training manual produced.
Initial trip to French Polynesia to present a Draft Plan for a Blacklip Pearl Oyster Hatchery for a private pearl farmer based in Tahiti, and main farm site for the hatchery at Fakarava Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago. Contract signed to design, fit-out, and train staff for the planned hatchery by end of August 1999.
January - December 1998:
Setup of home occupation laboratory for Aquasearch. This includes 2 recirculation seawater systems, outdoor tanks, labs, freshwater aquarium fish, and a public viewing aquarium featuring cultured giant clams. Production will include f1 and f2 giant clam seed, trochus, pearl oysters, and marine aquarium fish.
July - December 1996 (& March - July & August - December 1997):
Asian Development Bank Consultant (Proj. TA 2322-COO) at Tongareva Marine Research Centre, Penrhyn atoll, northern Cook Islands. Setup of pearl oyster hatchery (Pinctada margaritifera) and on-site training of staff; extension work with pearl farmers, imparting environmental awareness amongst Island community; research & monitoring. A commercial spat production of ~ 450,000 took place in mid-1997.
January - February 1997:
Short-term consultancy with Northern Territory University, Darwin. With Dr. C. Lee of NTU visited Broome, W.A. to discuss MSH (multi-species hatchery) concept with officials and Kimberley Aboriginal groups who would benefit; drew up conceptual designs for floorplans, seawater delivery system, drainage, aeration, etc.; wrote manuals for the MSH for trochus and giant clams.
May - June 1996:
AQUASEARCH setup and trained technicians at world's first commercial Trochus niloticus hatchery; first spawning successful with an estimated 1,000,000 juveniles 2-3cm shell base diameter in Nov. 1996.
January - February 1996:
AQUASEARCH prepared/submitted proposal to City Council for a Home Occupation laboratory and recirculation hatchery [seawater & freshwater] to be developed at the AQUASEARCH base on Magnetic Island.
AQUASEARCH advising on potential mariculture development (a site with infrastructure...wharf, cold stores) in Eastern Indonesia.
November - December 1995:
AQUASEARCH advising a pearl oyster [Pinctada maxima] farm - Eastern Indonesia. Design & setup of commercial hatchery/land nursery for culture of topshell, Trochus niloticus, & greensnail, Turbo marmoratus. The facility (50m x 12m floor area) includes ~ 200,000 litres total culture tank volume. Design & placement of seawater intake system, plumbing/reticulation, aeration & drainage was accomplished. Technicians were trained methods for broodstock collection, setup of temporary hatchery, spawning induction, larval rearing, algal culture.
September - November 1995:
AQUASEARCH - tagging & measurement of cultured 9.75 yr old Tridacna gigas at permit sites on the north-central Great Barrier Reef.
January - July 1995:
AQUASEARCH subcontracting for I.D.P. Education Australia for 6 mo. as a Mariculture/Water Systems Specialist for the MSEP - CPIU. The work involved visits to 6 MSEP Universities to advise on plans for new seawater systems & other mariculture developments; produced ACTION PLANS in meetings with contractors & University officials; permanent seawater committees were formed to be responsible for the systems; workshops, seminars or lectures for mariculture classes, obtained technical equipment for microalgae culture labs, assisted student & staff research plans & ongoing research. MSEP Universities involved were: IPB, Bogor, Java; UNDIP, Semarang, Java; UNRI, Pakenbaru, Sumatra; UNHAS, Unjung Pandang, So. Sulawesi; UNSRAT, Manado, No. Sulawesi; UNPATTI, Ambon, Maluku.
August - November 1994:
AQUASEARCH subcontracting for I.D.P. Education Australia for 3 mo. as Mariculture Specialist for Pattimura University, Ambon, Indonesia. Work similar to previous assignment here, but I concentrated on live foods culture (phytoplankton and rotifers), workshops, & hatchery.
January - July 1994:
AQUASEARCH subcontracting for I.D.P. Education Australia for 6 mo. as Mariculture Specialist (Hatchery Management) - Hasanuddin University, Ujung Pandang, Indonesia. A hatchery on Barrang Lompo Island brought to running condition & the first successful large spawning of giant clams in Indonesia demonstrated by me here. At 3 mo. of age the cohort was a world record survival; seminars, workshops, & assistance with research projects.
July December 1993:
Work at AQUASEARCH base on Magnetic Island. Construction of house and lab.
May - July 1993:
AQUASEARCH consultancy for James Cook University & private business in Jakarta (PT Minasanega Persada) to look for suitable sites for mariculture of giant clams in eastern Indonesia.
July 1992 - May 1993:
AQUASEARCH subcontracting for I.D.P. Education Australia for 9 mo. as a Mariculture Specialist for the Indonesian A.D.B. loan on the Marine Science and Education Project. Assignment in Ambon - Pattimura University; work involves upgrade of existing hatchery for practical teaching of larval rearing & hatchery techniques/protocol for students & staff; written contributions to the curriculum for aquaculture, seminars, assistance with research projects.
AQUASEARCH consultancy to direct 'Clamsaver' -movement of giant clams from Orpheus Is. to outer reefs with the Australian Navy (HMS Tarakan landing craft)...over 6000 T. gigas juveniles (35 cm+) moved in 4 trips; 3 trips were for setting up a long-term experiment on source - sink reefs.
December 1990 + :
Working part-time on plans for my private business, AQUASEARCH. Permits were obtained from the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) to secure 1600 5+ yr old giant clams (T. gigas) for placing into 3 sites (2 for future commercial purposes, 1 for research). Making plans for a tourist/research monitoring site on Magnetic Island.
May - June 1989:
Seconded from the A.C.I.A.R. giant clam project to consult (through AQUASEARCH) for United Nations F.A.O. South Pacific Aquaculture Development Project, Suva, Fiji; survey of giant clam stocks & preliminary survey of pearl oyster resources was conducted at Tokelau Islands of Fakaofo, Nukunonu & Atafu. A comprehensive report prepared.
May - June 1988:
Seconded from the A.C.I.A.R. giant clam project to consult for United Nations F.A.O. South Pacific Aquaculure Development Project, Suva, Fiji. I lead a giant clam stock survey & aquaculture assessment in the islands of Tuvalu (Funafuti, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae). The survey included field towing surveys of clam stocks, village questionaire surveys & prepared a comprehensive report with for Tuvalu.
June 1986 - January 1992:
Research Fellow & Senior Scientific Liaison Officer, Zoology Dept., James Cook University of North Queensland (JCU). The A.C.I.A.R. (Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research)/JCU Giant Clam Project was an International Collaborative Project with 2 Universities in Philippines, a University in Papua New Guinea & Fisheries Divisions/ Departments of Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Tonga, & Tuvalu. I assisted in hatchery, field work & generally advised on developments, directions, & hands-on culture work in all countries. Five hatcheries developed out of this project & I had considerable involvement from planning, design to initial start up. A quarantine system was maintained at Orpheus Island, & we sent giant clam seed to countries where the clams were either re-introduced locally (after local extinction about 15-20 yr. ago), sent to build up badly depleted stocks, or for new introductions for aquaculture use. In Australia we developed many new culture methods; we worked with Tridacna gigas and Hippopus hippopus, but research done with T. derasa, T. squamosa, T. maxima, and T. crocea. We produced an impressive ocean nursery demonstration farm of over 30,000 5 & 6-year old subadults and over 100,000 younger juveniles at a low intertidal site. Along with Prof. J.S. Lucas & Mr. E. Ledua, we named & described a new species of giant clam, T. tevoroa, from Tonga and Fiji.
December 1983 - June 1986:
Ph.D. field researcher for Australian Marine Science Technology grant to study Reproduction and Recruitment in Giant Clams and Dietary Preference of their Larvae. The grant was administered in by A.I.M.S. (Australian Institute of Marine Science); work at reef study sites & at Lizard Island Res. Sta. broodstock spawning & larval/juvenile rearing.
May 1983 - June 1986:
Part-time consultancy on giant freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii), penaeid prawns (Penaeus monodon, P. esculentus, P. merguiensis), & giant clams (Tridacnidae) at Seafarm Pty. Ltd., Flying Fish Point, Queensland (Acting Hatchery Manager). Initial hatchery, live food tank, & seawater intake pipeline designs & construction; training hatchery technicians culture methods; broodstock prawn maintenance, giant clam culture, all biological needs.
January - May 1983:
Coral trout dive survey (& giant clam survey) on 57 reefs in the central to north-central Great Barrier Reef; Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.
July - November 1982:
Laboratory Attendant - Pure Science Dept., St. Clare's College, Waverley, part-time; oyster farming at Drake Brothers' Oyster Farm, Oatley, N.S.W., part-time. Both jobs while beginning Ph.D. at University of N.S.W.
December 1981 - June 1982:
Private research on giant clams ... north-central Great Barrier Reef & Port Moresby, PNG.
May - November 1981:
Pacific Basin Environmental Consultants. Mangrove restoration project in the aftermath of an oil spill.
May - September 1981:
Water & Energy Resources Centre of the Western Pacific. Water quality control collection/testing.
August 1979 - May 1981:
Graduate research assistant at the Marine Laboratory, University of Guam ... chlorine bioassay study on early life stages of marine organisms; giant freshwater prawn hatchery construction & daily operation.
June - August 1979:
Larval rearing & phytoplankton culture at the Micronesian Mariculture Demonstration Centre, Palau, W. Caroline Islands (oysters, giant clams, trochus).
January 1979 - May 1979:
Marine Laboratory, University of Guam graduate research assistant.
November 1976 - December 1978:
Fishery Officer - Eastern Solomon Islands & Lobster Project Officer, Fisheries Division, Solomon Islands. Lobster & fin fish marketing, & infrastructure; sea turtle tagging; oyster culture project.
March 1973 - September 1976:
Smithsonian-Peace Corps Environmental Program; Marine Biologist, Fisheries Division, Tonga Islands. Responsibilities included sea turtle nesting surveys, hatching/rearing, fishponds (milkfish, tilapia, mollies), prawn trawling survey in major lagoonal area of Tongatapu, oyster & mussel culture projects, marine parks site choices, development of a fisheries marine station.
SKILLS, TRAVEL, MEMBERSHIP
English, first language
Bahasa Indonesia, very good
Tongan some, understanding
Pidgin English, some understanding
French, some understanding
Spanish, some understanding
Bengali (Bangla), some understanding
I have visited the following Indo-Pacific and Asian countries on work related to Coral Reef Fisheries, Aquaculture, or Marine Biology:
Amer. Samoa, New Zealand, Tokelau, Cook Islands, New Caledonia, Tonga, Fiji, Palau, Truk, Guam, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu, Hawaii, USA, Philippines, Vanuatu, Indonesia, Solomon Islands, W. Samoa, Kiribati, French Polynesia, Bangladesh.
World Aquaculture Society (WAS) + charter member WAS Asian Pacific Chapter
Private Aquaculture Consultancy Business, AQUASEARCH, registered in Queensland 23 July 1987.
Charter Member of the Magnetic Island Rotary Club from June 2002.
Charter Member and committee member for Tourism Operators and Businesses Magnetic Island [TOBMI] Association in December 2009. Promoting Magnetic Island as a premier tourist destination.
Braley, R. 1978. A mangrove oyster study at Star Harbour, Solomon Islands. South Pacific Commission Fisheries Newsletter 17:1-7.
Braley, R.D. 1979. Penaeid prawns in Fanga'uta Lagoon, Tongatapu. Pacific Science 33(3):315-321.
Braley, R.D. 1981. Reproductive periodicity in the indigenous oyster Saccostrea cucullata in Guam. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Guam Marine Laboratory, 48p (revised manuscript published in Marine Biology 69(2):165-173, 1982.
Amesbury, S.S., M. Colgan, R. Braley, and A. Bowden. 1980. Environmental monitoring study of airport runway expansion site, Moen, Truk, Eastern Caroline Islands. Part B. Monitoring study. Report 2: 1980 survey. Tech. rept. prepared for Dept. of the U.S. Navy, Pac. Div.; Misc. rept. no. 30, Marine Lab., 59p. (I covered all invertebrates excluding scleractinian corals).
Marsh, J.A., D.B. Matlock, B.R. Best, and R.D. Braley. 1981. Toxicity bioassay for the Piti Power Plant, Guam, M.I. on the effects of total residual chlorine on the early life stages of selected tropical marine species. Tech. rept. prepared for U.S. Navy Public Works Centre, Guam. Tech. rept. no. 68, Univ. of Guam Marine Lab., 59p.
Best, B.R., R.D. Braley, J.A. Marsh, and D.B. Matlock. 1981. Effect of chlorine on some coral reef phytoplankters and invertebrate larvae. Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium, Manila, 18-22 May 1981. vol. 1:169-172.
Braley, R.D., A. Body, and T. Murai. 1892. Preparation and care of marine/estuarine algal monocultures. University of New South Wales - School of Zoology Misc. rept. 18p.
Braley, R.D. 1984. Mariculture potential of introduced oysters Saccostrea cucullata tuberculata and Crassostrea echinata, and a histological study of reproduction on C. echinta in Sasa Bay, Apra Harbor, Guam. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 35:129-141.
Braley, R.D. 1984. Giant clams. Australian Natural History 21(6):256-258.
Braley, R.D. 1984. Reproduction in the giant clams Tridacna gigas and T. derasa in situ on the North-Central Great Barrier Reef, Australia, and Papua New Guinea. Coral Reefs 3:221-227.
Braley, R.D. 1985. Serotonin-induced spawning in giant clams (Bivalvia:Tridacnidae). Aquaculture 47:321-325.
Braley, R.D. 1986. Developments in giant clam culture. Australian Fisheries (Jan. 86) 45(1):7-9.
Braley, R.D. 1986. Reproduction and Recruitment of Giant Clams and some Aspects of their Larval and Juvenile Biology. PhD Thesis, University of New South Wales, 297p incl. tables, figs., and appendices.
Braley, R.D. 1987. Reproduction and Recruitment of Giant Clams (Tridacnidae) and Dietary Preference of Larvae of Tridacna. Final rept. on MST Grant file no. 83/11741, 332p incl. tables, figs., and appendices.
Braley, R.D. 1987. Giant Clam Entry - Family Tridacnidae. For inclusion into the CITES IDENTIFICATION MANUAL; prepared for the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra. 24p.
Braley, R.D. 1987. Report on a Giant Clam Recruitment Mapping Survey at Lizard Island in early April 1987. Rept. to GBRMPA, Townsville. 8p. + 11 fig. + 1 table.
Braley, R.D. 1987. Distribution and Abundance of the Giant Clams Tridacna gigas and T. derasa on the Great Barrier Reef. Micronesica 20:215-223.
Braley, R.D. 1987. Spatial Distribution and Population Parameters of Tridacna gigas and T. derasa. Micronesica 20:225-246.
Braley, R.D. 1988. The Status of Giant Clam Stock and Potential for Clam Mariculture in Tuvalu. Rept. for FAO South Pacific Aquaculture Development Project and Tuvalu Fisheries Division, 41p + 55p tables, figs., and appendices.
Alder, J., and R.D. Braley. 1988. Mass mortalities of giant clams on the Great Barrier Reef, p. 230 In, Copland, J.W. and J.S. Lucas (eds.), Giant Clams in Asia and the Pacific. ACIAR Monograph no. 9. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra. 274p.
Braley, R.D. 1988. Reproductive condition and season of the giant clams Tridacna gigas and T. derasa utilising a gonad biopsy technique. pp.98-103 In, Copland, J.W. and J.S. Lucas (eds.), Giant Clams in Asia and the Pacific. ACIAR Monograph no. 9. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra. 274p.
Braley, R.D., C.M. Crawford, J.S. Lucas, S.L. Lindsay, W.J. Nash, and S.P. Westmore. 1988. Comparison of Different Hatchery and Nursery Culture Methods for the Giant Clam Tridacna gigas. pp. 110-114 In, Copland, J.W. and J.S. Lucas (eds.), Giant Clams in Asia and the Pacific. ACIAR Monograph no. 9. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra. 274p.
Braley, R.D. 1988. Recruitment of the Giant Clams Tridacna gigas and T. derasa at four sites on the Great Barrier Reef. pp. 73-77 In, Copland, J.W. and J.S. Lucas (eds.), Giant Clams in Asia and the Pacific. ACIAR Monograph no. 9, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra. 274p.
Crawford, C.M., R.D. Braley, and W.J. Nash. 1988. Interspecific growth rates of cultured giant clams on the Great Barrier Reef. pp. 193-196 In, Copland, J.W. and J.S. Lucas (eds.), Giant Clams in Asia and the Pacific. ACIAR Monograph no. 9, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra. 274p.
Estacion, J. and R.D. Braley. 1988. A study of Intertidal Ponding Culture with T. gigas juveniles. pp. 191-192 In, Copland, J.W. and J.S. Lucas (eds.), Giant Clams in Asia and the Pacific. ACIAR Monograph no. 9, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra. 274p.
Barker, J.R., C.M. Crawford, C. Shelley, R.D. Braley, J.S. Lucas, W.J. Nash, and S. Lindsay. 1988. Ocean-nursery technology and production data from lines and covers for the Giant Clam, Tridacna gigas. pp. 225-228 In, Copland, J.W. and J.S. Lucas (eds.), Giant Clams in Asia and the Pacific. ACIAR Monograph no. 9, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra. 274p.
Braley, R.D. 1989. Farming Giant Clams. World Aquaculture 20(1):6-17.
Alder, J., and R.D. Braley. 1989. Serious mortality in populations of giant clams on reefs surrounding Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. Austr. J. Mar. and Freshw. Res. 40(2):205-213.
Braley, R.D. 1989. A giant clam stock survey and preliminary investigation of pearl oyster resources in the Tokelau Islands. Prepared for the Dept. of Agriculture and Fisheries, Tokelau Affairs Office (Apia, W. Samoa) and the FAO South Pacific Aquaculture Development Project (Suva, Fiji). 52p + 65p figs. and appendices.
Lucas, J.S., W.J. Nash, and R.D. Braley. 1989. Recent advances in mariculture of the giant clam Tridacna gigas. In E.A. Chavez (ed.), Proc. of the Workshop Australia-Mexico on Marine Sciences, Mexico. pp 457-467.
Lucas, J.S., W.J. Nash, C.M. Crawford and R.D. Braley. 1990. Environmental Influences on Growth and Survival During the Ocean-Nursery Rearing of Giant Clams, Tridacna gigas (L.). Aquaculture 80:45-61.
Lucas, J.S., E. Ledua, and R.D. Braley. 1990. A new species of giant clam (Tridanidae) from Fiji and Tonga. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research working paper no. 33, 8p.
Braley, R.D. 1990. Manual for the culturing of giant clams. Publication of James Cook University, 108p.
Lucas, J.S., E. Ledua, and R.D. Braley. 1991. Tridacna tevoroa Lucas, Ledua and Braley: A recently-described species of giant clam (bivalvia:Tridacnidae) from Fiji and Tonga. The Nautilus 105(3):92-103.
Braley, R.D. 1992. Improved method to ship Tridacna gigas seed. Aquaculture 102:193-199.
Braley, R.D., D. Sutton, S.S.M. Mingoa, and P.C. Southgate. 1992. Passive greenhouse heating, recirculation, and nutrient addition on nursery phase Tridacna gigas: growth boost during winter months. Aquaculture 108:29-50.
Braley, R.D. (ed.) 1992. The Giant Clam: A Hatchery and Nursery Culture Manual. ACIAR Monograph no. 15. Canberra:Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 144p.
Braley, R.D. 1992. Giant clam culture: hatchery and land-based nursery - pros and cons of methodologies. pp. 87-93, In, Fitt, W.K. (ed.), The biology and mariculture of giant clams: a workshop held in conjunction with the 7th International Coral Reef Symposium 21-26 June 1992, Guam, U.S.A. ACIAR Proceedings no. 47, 154p.
Lucas, J.S., S.R. Lindsay, R.D. Braley, J.R. Whitford, and K. Cowden. 1992. Density of clams and depth reduce growth in grow-out culture of Tridacna gigas. pp. 67-73, In, Fitt, W.K. (ed.), The biology and mariculture of giant clams: a workshop held in conjunction with the 7th International Coral Reef Symposium 21-26 June 1992, Guam, U.S.A. ACIAR Proceedings no. 47, 154p.
Ledua, E., N. Manu, and R. Braley. 1992. Distribution, habitat and culture of the recently described giant clam Tridacna tevoroa in Fiji and Tonga. pp. 147-153, In, Fitt, W.K. (ed.), The biology and mariculture of giant clams: a workshop held in conjunction with the 7th International Coral Reef Symposium 21-26 June 1992, Guam, U.S.A. ACIAR Proceedings no. 47, 154p.
Fitt, W.K., Rees, T.A.V., Braley, R.D., Lucas J. S. , and D. Yellowlees. 1993. Nitrogen flux in giant clams: size-dependency and relationship to zooxanthellae density and clam biomass in the uptake of dissolved inorganic nitrogen. Marine Biology 117: 381-386/. doi:10.1007/BF00349313
Southgate, P.C., and R.D.Braley.(in prep.).Large-scale rearing of giant clam (Tridacna gigas) larvae on an artificial diet.
Braley, R.D. (in press). Giant Clams (Family Tridacnidae). A chapter for inclusion in a book on the Ecology of Indonesian Seas (Tomascik, T. (ed.)).
Braley, R.D. and Muir, F. 1995. The case history of a large natural cohort of the giant clam Tridacna gigas (Fam. Tridacnidae) and the implications for re-stocking depauperate reefs with maricultured giant clams. Asian Fish. Sci. 8:229-237.
Tetelepta, C.H.A., and Braley, R.D. 1996. Growth and survival of the giant clam Tridacna derasa in a pond with subsequent release to ocean nursery culture in eastern Indonesia. Perairan Maluku dan Sekitarnya (LIPI journal), vol. 10:71-79.
Braley, R.D. and Rachman, A. 1996. Technical Note: A successful protocol for the hatchery and land nursery culture of giant clams (Fam. Tridacnidae). Perairan Maluku dan Sekitarnya (LIPI journal), vol. 10:81-85.
Braley, R.D. 1996. The Importance of Aquaculture and Establishment of Reserves for the Restocking of Giant Clams on Overharvested Reefs in the Indo-Pacific Region. pp 136-147 in Heggberget, T.G., editor. 1996. The role of aquaculture in world fisheries. Proc. of the World Fisheries Congress, Theme 6. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pty Ltd., New Delhi.
Braley, R.D. and Healy, J.M. (1998). Superfamily Tridacnoidea. Pp. 332-336 in Beesley, P.L., Ross, G.J.B. & Wells, A. (eds.) Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis, Fauna of Australia. Vol. 5. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne, Part A v 1-563 pp.
Braley, R.D. (1998). A follow-up on the translocations of cultured giant clams (Fam. Tridacnidae) from Australia to the Philippines and Pacific Islands - growth and survival. Presented at the World Aquaculture Society meeting in Las Vegas 15-19 Feb. 1998.
Braley, R.D. (1998). Sedimentation rates associated with the longline culture of the blacklip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera, at Penrhyn atoll, Cook Islands. Presented at the World Aquaculture Society meeting in Las Vegas 15-19 Feb. 1998.
Braley. R.D. (1999). Aquacultured giant clams, Tridacna gigas and Hippopus hippopus, used as the main biofilter in a saltwater aquarium recirculation system. Submitted for the World Aquaculture Society meeting in Sydney 26 April - 2 May 1999.
Braley, R.D. (2001). Aquacultured giant clams, Tridacna gigas and Hippopus hippopus, used as the main biofilter in a saltwater aquarium recirculation system. SPC Trochus Bulletin No. 8:24-27.
Southgate, P.C., Braley, R.D., Militz, T.A. 2016. Embryonic and larval development of the giant clam Tridacna noae (Röding, 1798) (Cardiidae: Tridacninae). Journal of Shellfish Research 35(3), (in press).
Braley, R.D. 1991. SPC Pearl Oyster Info. Bull. 2:-- [re. Tokelau Islands and potential pearl culture].
Braley, R.D. 1993. MSEP reports Indonesia [Basic Hatchery Operation (121p.), Reproduction & gonad development in tropical bivalves (75p.); Final Report (68p.).
Braley, R.D., Tetelepta, C., and Mosse, J. 1993. SPC Pearl Oyster Info. Bull. 6:10-11 [re. pearl production in Maluku Province, Indonesia].
Braley, R.D., Tetelepta, C., Mosse, J. 1993. SPC Trochus Info. Bull. 2:4-5.
Braley, R.D. 1994. MSEP reports Indonesia [Notes on Hatchery Management (41p. + append.); Notes on Hatchery Hygiene (20p. + append.); End of Assignment Report (35p. + append.) at UNHAS; Maintenance of Rotifer Stock Cultures (24p. + fig.); End of Assignment Report (28p. + append.) at UNPATTI.
Braley, R.D. and Rachman, A. 1995. SPC Pearl Info. Bull. 8:9 [re. pearl production in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia].
Braley, R.D. and Rachman, A. 1995. SPC Trochus Info. Bull. 4.
Braley, R.D. 1995. MSEP reports Indonesia [SUPPLIES for Seawater Systems (20p. + 82p. append.); End of Assignment Reports...6 reports, one per University: Hasanuddin University, Pattimura University, Sam Ratulangi University, Diponegoro University, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Riau University].
Braley, R.D., M.B. Marsters, R. Taime. 1997. Trochus niloticus spawnings at Tongareva Marine Research Centre, Penrhyn Atoll, Cook Islands. SPC Trochus Information Bulletin 5:24-25.
Braley, R.D. and Munro, D. 1997. Preference for Spat Collector Materials in Tanks by Larvae of Pinctada margaritifera (Linnaeus) at Penrhyn Atoll, Cook Islands. SPC Pearl Oyster Information Bulletin 10:8-11.
Braley, R.D. 1997. Tongareva Marine Research Centre (TMRC) - Penrhyn Atoll, northern Cook Islands; an Update on the modifications to the Pinctada margaritifera hatchery, seawater systems and activities. SPC Pearl Oyster Information Bulletin 10:11-14.
Braley, R.D. 1998. Major success for TMRC blacklip pearl oyster hatchery, Penrhyn Atoll, Northern Cook Islands. SPC Pearl Oyster Information Bulletin 11:5.
Braley, R.D. 1998. Identification and tagging of giant clams project. Prepared for the Commercial and Legal Office, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld., Australia.
Braley, R.D. 1999. A follow-up on the translocations of cultured giant clams (Fam. Tridacnidae) from Australia to the World Aquaculture Society, Las Vegas 15-19 Feb. 1998.
Braley, R.D. 1999. Sedimentation rates associated with the longline culture of the blacklip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera, at Penrhyn atoll, Cook Islands. Presented at the World Aquaculture Society meeting in Las Vegas 15-19 Feb. 1998
Braley. R.D. 2000. Aquacultured giant clams, Tridacna gigas and Hippopus hippopus, used as the main biofilter in a saltwater aquarium recirculation system. Submitted for the World Aquaculture Society meeting in Sydney 26 April - 2 May 1999.
Braley, R.D. 2000. A feability study on the potential of a multi-species hatchery in the Torres Strait Islands. Prepared for the Torres Strait Regional Authority, Thursday Island, Queensland. 56 pp.
Braley, R.D. 2001a. Research Plan Report. ARMP report, Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. 63 pp.
Braley, R.D. 2001b. Feasibility report on the mass seed production of several commercially important brackishwater species at the Brackishwater
Station, Paikgacha. ARMP report: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. 32 pp.
Braley, R.D. 2001c. Quarterly report 1. Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. 13 pp
Braley, R.D. 2001d. Research report on Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man), the giant freshwater prawn.
Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. 23 pp.
Braley, R.D. 2001e. Research report on Scylla serrata, the mud crab.. Winrock International Institute for
Agricultural Development. 28 pp. Bangladesh.
Braley, R.D. 2001f. Research report on Lates calcarifer, the seabass. Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. 23 pp. Bangladesh.
Braley, R.D. 2001g. Quarterly Report 2. ARMP report. Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. 36 pp.
Braley, R.D. 2001h. Manual for the operation of the hatchery at the Brackishwater Station, Paikgacha, Khulna. ARMP report: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. 108 pp.
Braley, R.D. 2001i. Quarterly (Final) Report 3. . Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. 52 pp.
Dr. Walter Starck
Golden Dolphin CD Magazine
72 Paxton Street, Townsville, Qld. 4810 AUSTRALIA [ph. 61 7 47 721364; email: [email protected], [email protected]]
Mr. Matt Kenway
Australian Institute of Marine Science
PMB No. 3, Townsville, Qld. 4810 AUSTRALIA
[ph 61 7 47 725852; fax 61 7 47 534444; email: [email protected]]
Prof. John S. Lucas
(Prof. Lucas has now retired from James Cook University & is based at the
, Queensland . He can be contacted by the following Brisbane
email [email protected] )
Prof. Paul Southgate
Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering
University of the Sunshine Coast
Maroochydore DC, Qld. 4558 AUSTRALIA
Ph +61 7 5456 3756
email [email protected]
CURRICULUM VITAE OF CORNELIA H.A. [TETELEPTA] BRALEY
PERMANENT RESIDENT: Australia
BIRTHPLACE: Ambon, Indonesia
BIRTHDATE: 30 July 1960
MARITAL STATUS: Married to Australian National + 1 child
6-10 Elena Street, Nelly Bay
Magnetic Island, Queensland 4819
Ph/Fax 61 (077) 785096
Email [email protected]
Photograph Feb. 2009:
1. July 1985: Pattimura University, Ambon, Maluku, Indonesia....Sarjana Fisheres
[= level of Australian Bachelor degree based on analysis by NOOSR, Skills
Recognition Branch letter...13.11.95].
2. October 1990: Institut Pertanian Bogor [Bogor Institute of
Agriculture]...Magister Science [equivalent to Australian Masters degree based
on analysis by NOOSR, Skills Recognition Branch letter...14.8.96].
•2012 - present: Nell's Famous Indonesian Food has moved to the Arcadia Hotel on Magnetic Island. Wed. night savoury crepes (Beef rendang, hot and spicy chicken, or vegetarian), fried noodles, fried rice, or rice, veggies and chicken or beef. Frid. night is a full Indonesian Food menu.
* 2006-2011: Assist occasionally with AQUASEARCH lab & aquarium. Mainly,
preparation of Indonesian Food on Magnetic Island for Friday Nights
at the Arcadia Hotel, Magnetic Island , under trading name Nell's Famous Indonesian Food
• 1998 – 2006: Occasional intensive tutoring for Bahasa Indonesia.
• June 2000: Interpreter for Indonesian participants and assistant for MREP
Integrated Coastal Zone Planning and Management course held at James Cook
University. The course was headed by AMSAT with participating institutions
AIMS [Australian Institute of Marine Science], GBRMPA [Great Barrier Reef
Marine Park Authority], and JCU [James Cook University].
• 19 May – 1 August 1997: Interpreter for Indonesian participants and assistant
for MREP Integrated Coastal Zone Planning and Management course held at
James Cook University. The course was headed by AMSAT with participating
institutions AIMS [Australian Institute of Marine Science], GBRMPA [Great Barrier
Reef Marinels into Bahasa Indonesia. The translation was funded by ACIAR
[Australian Centre forInternational Agricultural Research, Canberra] & was to be
co-sponsored in Indonesia by PHPA (Forestry & Conservation Department). The
following manuals were translated:
1. Braley, R.D., ed. 1992. The giant clam: a hatchery and nursery culture manual.
ACIAR Monograph No. 15, 144p.
2. Calumpong, H.P., ed. 1992. The giant clam: an ocean culture manual. ACIAR
Monograph No. 16, 68p
• Apr. 1986 - July 1995: Dosen (Lecturer) in the Faculty of Fisheries & Marine
Science, Pattimura University, Ambon, Indonesia. * Marine Biology * Cultivation
and Reproduction; * Supervisor for five student thesis (Skripsi)
Since 2006 I have set up a private business named "Nell's Famous Indonesian Food" and serve food at the Arcadia Hotel, Magnetic Island.
SKILLS, MEMBERSHIP, TRAVEL:
Languages spoken and degree of proficiency:
1) Bahasa Indonesia First Language, Fluent
2) English Fluent
3) Dutch Mediocre
Member of the Magnetic
IslandUniting Church. Also, leading activities for
children in the KFC (Kids for Christ) in 2002.
Volunteer teaching Religion at the Magnetic Island State School, 2003 +.
2006 Setup of Nell's Famous Indonesian Food on Magnetic Island
Travelled to: Australia,
,Cook Islands, Fiji,
Tetelepta, C.H.A. 1985. A preliminary study of gonad maturity and spawning
seasonality of skipjack tuna, Katsuwanus pelamis Linn. Skripsi Sarjana,
. Ambon, Indonesia
Tetelepta, C.H.A. 1990. Analysis of heavy metals in ova of the blood cockle,
Anadara granosa, in relation to abnormalities in ova. Thesis M.S., I.P.B.,
Braley, R.D., Tetelepta, C., and Mosse, J. 1993. SPC (South Pacific Commission)
Pearl Oyster Information Bulletin 6:10-11 [pearl oyster production, Maluku,
Braley, R.D., Tetelepta, C., and Mosse, J. 1993. SPC Trochus Information
Bulletin 2:4-5. [trochus shell production,
] Maluku, Indonesia
Tetelepta, C.H.A., and Braley, R.D. 1996. Growth and survival of the giant clam
Tridacna derasa in a pond with subsequent release to ocean nursery culture in
eastern Indonesia. Perairan Maluku dan Sekitarnya 10:71-79.
Drs. J.J. Weno(now deceased)
Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science
Poka - Ambon 97234, Maluku, INDONESIA
[ ph 62 (0911) 69196; fax 62 (0911) 69764]
Prof. John S. Lucas
(Prof. Lucas has now retired from James Cook University & is based at the
, Queensland . He can be contacted by the following Brisbane
email [email protected] )
Updated 11 November 2016